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Submission Grappling Accademie

Organizzazioni: ADCC – Abu Dhabi Combat Club

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adccADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship è una competizione tra atleti professionisti che hanno gareggiato ai massimi livelli di Jiu-Jitsu, Wrestling, Judo, Sambo, Shooto e Mixed Martial Arts.

Ad oggi la maggioranza dei vincitori dell ADCC ha esperienza nel jiu-jitsu brasiliano, a cui forse le regole assomigliano di più, anche se ci sono state eccezioni:Sanae Kikuta (Judo), and Mark Kerr (Freestyle Wrestling).

Storia

Nel 1993 Royce Gracie e l’UFC hanno dimostrato al mondo che per vincere in uno scontro devi saper dominare nella lotta a terra e, nel caso specifico in quello che ai tempi veniva chiamato Gracie jiu-jitsu. Con il successo sempre crescente dell’UFC è arrivata alla popolarità una nuova forma di combattimento chiamata in America Mixed Martial Arts (MMA in breve) ma già conosciuta come Valetudo.

Il successo dell UFC ha portato alla nascita di innumerevoli altri spettacoli simili.. portando alla ribalta altri sistemi di lotta a terra come il Sambo, il Judo, La lotta libera… QUesti sistemi adottati nelle MMA si sono rivelati forti tanto quanto ill brazilian jiu-jitsu.

Il successo di Royce Gracie e la facilità in cui si è liberato degli avversari senza nemmeno scambiarsi dei colpi ha lasciato il segno e migliaia di persone con la voglia di  imparare questa forma di combattimento. Uno di questi era lo sceicco Tahnoon Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, uno dei figli dello sceicco degli Emirati Arabi Zayed.
Lo Sceicco Tahnoon, che stava frequentando il college in america, e rimasto folgorato dall’ UFC 1 ha iniziato ad allenarsi nel Gracie Jiu-Jitsu.

Benche Tahnoon amasse tutta questa nuova conoscenza, non era soddisfatto al 100% di alcuni “buchi” nel jiu jitsu di quel momento…specialmente le chiavi ai piede e alle Gambe.
Affianco’ quindi lo studio del Sambo e la sua sete di conoscenza lo portarono a praticare anche lotta e Judo. E ogni volta la stessa storia: ogni insegnante credeva che la propria disciplina fosse la migliore di tutte le altre…ma era davvero impossibile stabilire quale fosse le piu efficace dato le regole di gara differenti.

Al ritorno a casa Tahnoon si mette di impegno per creare un set di regole “neutre” che permettano a ogni artista marziale di competere e provare quale stile fosse il migliore stile di “lotta”, senza doversi però sottoporre alla cura dei calci e dei pugni :-)

E’ il 1998 e l’ Abu Dhabi Combat Club (ADCC) World Submission Wrestling Championships nasce. Le regole dell ADCC danno punti che permettono a ogni stile di gareggiare in maniera uguale (più o meno almeno ;-). Come aggiunta ogni tipo di sottomissione ( con eccezione di quelli alla colonna vertebrale) è valida: BJJ, Sambo, Judo, lotta e tutti gli altri stile possono mettersi finalmente uno contro l’altro per competere nella propria categoria e nell’assoluto.
Caso unico: un grosso premio in denaro! Per la prima volta i combattenti potevano competere, affrontare avversari diversi e sviluppare il proprio stile prima di gareggiare nelle MMA.

La prima edizione si è svolta il 20,21,22 Marzo 1998, con molti dei migliori grappler del mondo. Altri invece hanno aspettato a iscriversi. Col passare degli anni tutti i migliori combattenti hanno iniziato ad allenarsi attivamente per l’ADCC.. creando il problema di selezionare solo i migliori 16 di ogni categoria… Da qui nascono le gare regionali per le qualificazioni.

I campioni ADCC diventano istantaneamente delle star e vengono cercate in america e in Giappone per le competizioni di MMA… alcuni nomi? Royler Gracie, Mark Kerr, Matt Hughes, Ricardo Arona, Tito Ortiz, Rodrigo “Minotauro”, Dean Lister, Ricco Rodrigues, Ricardo Arona, Matt Lindland, Tom Erickson, Ronaldo “Jacare” Souza & Vitor “Shaolin” Ribeiro …..

Il grappling submission sta avendo un’espansione senza pari e il successo dell ADCC ha portato alla nascita di molti tornei amatoriali con le stesse regole

Regolamento

La cosa che più lo differenzia dal regolamento internazionale di grappling Fila è il punteggio:

PUNTI

Proiezione

(termina senza posizione dominante in guardia o mezza guardia dell’avversario)

Takedown

2 punti

Spazzata o ribaltamento

(termina senza posizione dominante e in guardia o mezza guardia)

Sweep / Reversal

2 punti

Posizione di monta superiore

Mount position

2 punti

Posizione di ginocchio sullo stomaco

Knee on stomach

2 punti

Posizione di monta su schiena con uncini

Back mount

3 punti

Passaggio della posizione di guardia

Passing the guard

3 punti

Proiezione netta

(termina in posizione di dominio e fuori dalla guardia dell’avversario)

Clean takedown

4 punti

Spazzata netta o ribaltamento netto

(termina in posizione di dominio e fuori dalla guardia)

Clean sweep

4 punti

ADCC Ruleset in inglese

Le regole complete in inglese sono qui: https://adcombat.com/adcc-rules-regulations/

OVERVIEW

  • The Championship is tournament style and only winner goes through to the next round.
  • Gi (Kimono), Wrestling shoes are optional.
  • No slippery substances allowed on body or clothing.
  • The mat area is 10 x 10 meters, no cage or fence.
  • If the fighters go out of this area, the referee will restart the fight in the center of the mat, in the same position they were when they left the mat when the referee said “Stop”. If the fighters were standing without any established locked position, they will start again facing each other. If a competitor has single or double grips before the ref says stop, the athletes will resume the same position.

HOW YOU CAN WIN

  • Submission, Points, Referee decision, opponent disqualification.
  • If one competitor gives up or submits by tapping the leg, arm or verbally. (Tap, I give Up or Mate).
  • If a fight is over without any points being scored by both fighters, the referees will decide the winner according to fighter’s dominance.
  • If Referee feels one competitor is unable to defend himself or feels his life is in danger, the Referee will declare the winner.
  • Fighter will be disqualified by the Referee for breaking forbidden rules.

TIME LIMITS

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP

  • QUALIFYING ROUNDS = 10 mins / with 5 mins overtime if it’s a draw. (Max. 1 overtime)
    – First 5 mins no points
    – Second 5 mins with points (negative and positive points)
    – Overtime 5 mins (negative and positive points)
    .
  • FINALS, ABSOLUTE FINALS & SUPERFIGHT = 20 mins / with 10 mins overtime if it’s a draw. (Max. 2 overtimes)
    – First 10 mins no positive points (only negative points will be counted)
    – Second 10 mins with points (negative and positive points)
    – Overtimes 10 mins (negative and positive points)

TRIALS (QUALIFIERS)

  • QUALIFYING ROUNDS = 6 mins / with 3 mins overtime if it’s a draw. (Max. 1 overtime)
    – First 3 mins no points
    – Second 3 mins with points (negative and positive points)
    – Overtime 3 mins (negative and positive points)
    .
  • FINALS = 8 mins / with 4 mins overtime if it’s a draw. (Max. 1 overtime)
    – First 4 mins no positive points (only negative points will be counted)
    – Second 4 mins with points (negative and positive points)
    – Overtime 4 mins (negative and positive points)

NATIONAL & OPEN CHAMPIONSHIPS

  • QUALIFYING ROUNDS = 6 mins / with 3 mins overtime if it’s a draw. (Max. 1 overtime)
    – First 3 mins no points
    – Second 3 mins with points (negative and positive points)
    – Overtime 3 mins (negative and positive points)
    .
  • FINALS = 8 mins / with 4 mins overtime if it’s a draw. (Max. 1 overtime)
    – First 4 mins no positive points (only negative points will be counted)
    – Second 4 mins with points (negative and positive points)
    – Overtime 4 mins (negative and positive points)

LEGAL TECHNIQUES

  • Any kind of choke (except for using the hand to close the windpipe)
  • Any arm bar, shoulder lock, or wrist lock
  • Any Leg Lock or Ankle Lock
  • Can Opener is allowed
  • Twister is allowed

ILLEGAL TECHNIQUES

  • Slamming is allowed only if you are locked in a submission. (If your opponent lets go of the submission while you are about to slam you must let go of the slam)
  • No “Full Nelson”
  • No crucifix
  • No neck cranks that trap both shoulders and puts downward pressure on the neck
  • No spiking your opponent on their head while attempting a takedown
  • No spiking your opponent’s head when opponent is on your back
  • CAN NOT roll forward while someone is on your back
  • No striking of any kind
  • No eye gouging or fish hooking
  • No grabbing the ears
  • No hair pulling
  • No holding of less than 4 fingers or less than 5 toes
  • No thumbing
  • No scratching and pinching
  • No punching of any kind
  • No kicking of any kind
  • No biting
  • No squeezing or putting pressure on the groin area
  • No hands, knees or elbows on face
  • No slippery substances allowed on body or clothing
  • No crossface guillotine twisting the chin
  • No use holding of the T-Shirt or shorts

POINTS (POSITIVE POINTS)

Each position must be established for 3 seconds or more and being out of any danger of submission in order for points to be awarded!

  • Passing the guard = 3 points – (In order to get the points, the judges will be looking for control, where at least 75% of the opponent’s back should be on the mat).
  • Knee on stomach = 2 points – (Either the inside or outside knee can score, the knee must be in the middle of the stomach and not chest or the sides of the stomach. Opponent can’t be on their side. If you score with knee on the stomach and then remove your knee for 3 secs or more and put your knee back on the stomach for 3 secs or more, you will score again. The positioning of the other leg is irrelevant).
  • Mount position = 2 points – (Both knees must be touching the floor. If there is a size difference between both fighters in Absolute fight and the fighter ca not possibly touch his knees on the mat, the referees will decide if there is enough control to score points. Reverse mount will score as well. If your opponent gets one or both hands trapped under your legs it still scores. Both of your knees must be below the shoulder line. Your opponent’s back must be on the floor).
  • Back mount with hooks = 3 points – (Both hooks and body triangle are acceptable. If you take one hook out or release your body triangle for more than 3 secs and put your hooks or body triangle back in for 3 secs or more, you will score again. Your hooks must not be over any of the shoulders).
  • Takedown (ends Guard or Half Guard) = 2 points – (Opponent’s butt or back needs to be on the mats for 3 secs. If you take your opponent down and they put on a submission you will not be awarded points until you escape the submission threat and solidify for 3 secs).
  • Clean Takedown (ends passed the guard) = 4 points – (You must be outside the guard and not be in the threat of a submission and 75% or more of your opponent’s back must be on the mat. You must solidify the position for 3 secs or more).
  • Sweeps (ends Guard or Half Guard) = 2 points – (Sweep is considered when two athletes are facing each other, change the position from bottom to top and establish for 3 secs or more. You must not be in the threat of a submission).
  • Clean Sweep (ends passed the guard) = 4 points – (When facing each other, change the position from bottom to top ending up outside guard, while more than 75% of opponent’s back is on the floor and establish for 3 secs or more. You must not be in the threat of a submission).
  • Reversals are considered sweeps. If you are being held in side-control or mount and reverse the position from top to bottom you will be awarded points as well, either 2
    points if you end up in guard and 4 points if you end up in side-control.
  • Every sweep must be completed in one continuous motion in order to get points awarded.
  • Points for a sweep will be awarded only if the fighter initiates the sweep, not if he is being attacked by his opponent and then he ends up on top.
  • When changing multiple positions, points will be awarded only for the position that has been established for 3 seconds or more.
  • When passing the guard straight to mount or knee on the stomach, points will only be awarded for passing the guard.

PENALTIES (NEGATIVE POINTS)

  • When a fighter voluntarily jumps in the guard or goes from standing position to a non- standing position by any means and remains down for 3 seconds or more, he will be punished by a minus point.
  • When a fighter disengages from contact, starts backing up and avoids engaging again, he will be punished by minus point.
  • A passive fighter will be warned twice and then will be punished by minus point. The referee will warn the passive player by the words “WARNING PASSIVITY” – after the first minus given there are not going to be any more warnings and the minus points will be given right-away if the fighter continues to be passive.
  • If a fighter is very passive during the first half of the regular fights when there are no minuses, the referees will still give him WARNING for passivity and will punish him with a negative point when the second half of the fight starts!
  • If a minus is given, the referee will halt the action to inform the athlete and their coach that they received a penalty.
  • If two fighters (team-mates) make a fixed fight, they will both be disqualified from the tournament.
  • If a fighter disengages from the fight by constantly fleeing the mat, he will be given a minus point.
  • If a fighter tries to escape a submission by fleeing the math more than ones, he will be punished by minus point.
  • Minus points can be given for bad language or bad behavior from a fighter or his coach.
  • Minus points can be given for not obeying the referees’ commands during the fight.
  • If a fighter intentionally hits or kicks his opponent, he will be disqualified right away.
  • If a fighter tries to initiate any of the ILLEGAL TECHNIQUES, he will be disqualified right away.

OTHER TOPICS

  • If you initiate a submission from mount, side control or in someone’s guard and go from top position to bottom position, your opponent will not be awarded sweeping points since you initiated the attack.
  • If your opponent goes for a sweep while you are on top and in the middle of the motion you attack him for a submission, if your opponent escapes the submission and holds you down for 3 sec, he will be awarded with points for a sweep, because he first initiated the motion.
  • If an opponent takes you down and you end up in a turtle position for more than 3 sec there are no points for the takedown.
  • If you shoot for a takedown and in less than 3 secs you pull guard, you will be penalized with a minus.
  • If you shoot for a takedown and in less than 3 secs you go to turtle position breaking the attack, you will be penalized with a minus.
  • If both fighters are standing up and one of them puts one or both of his knees on the mat for more than 3 sec, he will be punished by a minus point.
  • If you shoot for a takedown attempting hard to finish the takedown for more than 3 secs and then pull guard, you will not be penalized with a minus.
  • If you go out of bounds DO NOT stop, only the ref can stop the match and they will resume the same position in the center of the mat.
  • If a fighter unintentionally gets poked in the eye or hit in the groin area starts bleeding, he will be given 2 minutes to recover and if he cannot continue, he will be out, losing the fight.

2007 ADCC Submission Wrestling World Champions – New Jersey, USA

Oro Argento Bronzo
nome nazione stile nome nazione stile nome nazione stile
Absolute Robert Drysdale USA Jiu-Jitsu Marcelo Garcia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Andre Galvao Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Over 99KG Fabricio Werdum Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Rolles Gracie Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Márcio Cruz Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 99KG Alexandre Ribeiro Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Braulio Estima Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Robert Drysdale USA Jiu-Jitsu
Under 88KG Demian Maia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Flavio Almeida Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Tarsis Humphres Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 77KG Marcelo Garcia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Pablo Popovitch Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Andre Galvao Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 66KG Rani Yahya Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Leozinho Vieira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Baret Yoshida USA Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Absolute Hannette Staack Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Rosangela Conceicao Brazil Judo/Freestyle Kelly Paul USA Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Over 67KG Penny Thomas South Africa Jiu-Jitsu Lana Stefanac USA Jiu-Jitsu Celita Schutz USA Judo/Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Under 67KG Hannette Staack Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Kelly Paul USA Jiu-Jitsu Marloes Coenen Holland Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Under 60KG Kyra Gracie Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Tara LaRosa USA Judo/Jiu-Jitsu Takayo Hashi Japan Grappling
Women’s Under 55KG Sayaka Shioda Japan Grappling Felicia Oh USA Jiu-Jitsu Megumi Fujii Japan Sambo

2005 ADCC Submission Wrestling World Champions – California, USA

Oro Argento Bronzo
Nome Nazione Stile Nome Nazione Stile Nome Nazione Stile
Absolute Roger Gracie Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Ronaldo Souza Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Marcelo Garcia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Over 99KG Jeff Monson USA Collegiate/Jiu-Jitsu Gabriel Gonzaga Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Fabricio Werdum Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 99KG Roger Gracie Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Alexandre Ferreira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Alexandre Ribeiro Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 88KG Ronaldo Souza Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Demian Maia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Saulo Ribeiro Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 77KG Marcelo Garcia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Pablo Popovitch Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Jake Shields USA Collegiate/Jiu-Jitsu
Under 66KG Leo Vieira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Rani Yahya Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Marcio Feitosa Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Absolute Juliana Borges Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Tara LaRosa USA Judo/Jiu-Jitsu Amanda Buckner USA Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Over 60KG Juliana Borges Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Stacy Cartwright USA Jiu-Jitsu Kizma Button USA Jiu-Jitsu
Women’s Under 60KG Kyra Gracie Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Leka Vieira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Megumi Fujii Japan Sambo

2003 ADCC Submission Wrestling World Champions – Sao Paulo, Brazil

Weight Division 1st (Gold) 2nd (Silver) 3rd (Bronze)
Nome Nazione Stile Nome Nazione Stile Nome Nazione Stile
Absolute Dean Lister USA Sambo / Jiu-Jitsu Alexandre Ferreira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Fabricio Werdum Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Over 99KG Márcio Cruz Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Fabricio Werdum Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Alex Negao Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 99KG Jon Olav Einemo Norway Jiu-Jitsu Alexandre Ferreira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Roger Gracie Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 88KG Saulo Ribeiro Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Ronaldo Souza Brazil Jiu-Jitsu David Terrell USA Jiu-Jitsu
Under 77KG Marcelo Garcia Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Otto Olsen USA Jiu-Jitsu Vitor Ribeiro Brazil Jiu-Jitsu
Under 66KG Leo Vieira Brazil Jiu-Jitsu Barret Yoshida USA Jiu-Jitsu Alexandre De Freitas Brazil Jiu-Jitsu

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Chi è l'autore

Manolo "El ChupaCabra"

Praticante di MMA, agonista di BJJ e grappling, ottimo conoscitore delle arti marziali miste e del valetudo. Manolo "El Chupacabra" non è niente di tutto questo.